Questions of Basic Knowledge of Navigation Mark

1.Q: When did China start its systematical reform of Buoy A?

A: Since the beginning of 1984, the experiments of Buoy A system rail top mark, of roof boarding and other types of buoys have been taken in Xiamen. In the same year, on October 1st, the NBS has approved the “Maritime Buoyage System in China”. In order to put this system into practice, from August, 1985 to September, 1986, China Sea buoy system was reformed in stages.


2.Q: What is the regulation concerning " fixed water sign " in " China Sea maritime aids to navigation " ?

A: The water stand landmarks, lighthouses and other navigational aids should have the punctuation elevation below the mark of the local average tide climax. The basis of the sign or part of the buoy body should be submerged by the average tide climax, and those with the same role of the buoy, then its color, top quality landmarks and lights shall be consistent with the corresponding buoy or light buoy.


3.Q:What is the regulation of the method of providing a new dangerous substance in " China Sea maritime navigation aids "?

A: When the beacon management authority considers that a new danger was serious enough to endanger the safety of navigation, one should set to its sign to indicate its location as soon as possible. These flags can be a sign of location mark or of side markers. Rhythm lights flash or flash should be used, meanwhile, at least one repeated sign should be in these signs, and this sign should possess all the features which could be paired with the sign.

Radar transponder can be used to indicate new dangerous materials, which is encoded as Morse signal "D".


4.Q: In December, 1995, in the newly released " People's Republic of China beacon Regulations" , how to define navigation mark ?

A: Navigation mark stands for the navigation aids including the positioning ships, navigation and the facilities for other special purposes, including visual aids to navigation , audio radio beacon and sound beacon.


5.Q: what is the first law which is relevant to buoy in China ? When did it start to implement?

A: " Maritime Traffic Safety Law of People's Republic of China ", implemented from January 1st, 1984.


6.What is China's first buoy regulation? When did it release?

A: “Regulations of Navigation Marks of People's Republic of China ", released on December 3rd. , 1995.


7.Q: What does the second category of navigation mark set refer to in " The management approaches of the settings of navigation marks"?

A: The second category refers to the lighthouse beacon settings ( including beacon ) , upright beacon, light buoys , buoys , lightships , fog signals , radar beacons and other navigation marks of navigation settings.


8.Q: What is performance of beacon ?

A: " Beacon performance " refers to navigation and facilities provided by the aids information management equipment for the user or a fixed sailing waters, and to the direct and indirect benefits of the enjoyment of the services they receive from the beacon. It includes : ( 1 ) the increased efficiency brought about by reducing shipping time; ( 2 ) increasing the number of vessels through the waters in a cross-section, leading to efficiency of water use ; ( 3 ) reduction of the cost by enhancing the service efficiency; ( 4 ) reduce the shipping risk with the use of new aids to navigation aids services.


9.Q: What are natural energy sources for the use of the current beacon?

A: Solar, wind, and wave energy .


10.Q: Lightship is a beacon, thus what are its features and its role?

A: Lightship is the major floating aids to navigation with the shape of a boat, marking the harbor entrance, shift the focus of particular water points, in order to determine the ship's position and heading of the ship.


11.Q: What is China's second ancient lighthouse tower ? Where is it located? When did it construct?

A: It is Mao Tower, located in Mao island, Qingpu County, Shanghai. It was built around in Qian Fu years of the Tang Dynasty (AD 874--879 years ).


12.Q: How many large lighthouses did the imperialist powers built in China's southeast coast during the Opium War? Which one among them is built in Xiamen? When did it build?

A: Green Island lighthouse , built in 1875 .